Editor’s Note: The following article appeared in Mike Merchant’s blog, “Insects in the City,” which can be found at insectsinthecity.blogspot.com. The blog offers readers news and commentary about the urban pest management industry and is excerpted here with permission of the author.
Late November and early December are Christmas tree season in the U.S. All over the country, excited families take to the nearest tree lot to pick a recently cut tree for home. Some of these trees, however, come with more than just needles and flocking.
Giant conifer aphids in the genus Cinara are among the most commonly encountered insects on fresh Christmas trees. These aphids form colonies on trees outdoors. Smaller colonies and lighter infestations are often missed by the tree farm, or by a bright-eyed family out on a cut your own Christmas tree adventure.
Conifer aphids are sometimes mistaken for ticks by horrified tree buyers. But ticks have eight legs, and are not likely to be brought into a home on a tree. Aphids are not harmful to people. They feed only on plants and will not bite people. Nor do they live long off a live tree, so your customer need not be concerned about them laying eggs on, or infesting, their ornaments.
Conifer aphids are more likely to be present on cut Christmas trees after a warm fall like this year. The warm weather encourages higher late season populations on trees.
When introduced into a warm home after sitting in a cold tree lot, conifer aphids usually become active and many will move off the tree. Mike Myers, with Bizzy Bees Pest Control in Dallas, Texas, encountered a typical case last year. The insects had left the tree and were seen by his puzzled customer crawling over the fireplace, kitchen and bathroom of a small apartment.
Insecticides are not necessary or desirable for control of conifer aphids or any other insects/mites on Christmas trees. If one of your customers brings home an infested tree and it has not been decorated, encourage them to take the tree outdoors, shake it well, and vacuum up as many of the bugs as possible. Or better yet, have them return the tree to the lot for a replacement. Recommend they inspect any new tree and pound the stump on the ground several times to check for live aphids before bringing it home. Finally, urge them not to mash conifer aphids on carpet or furnishings. They will stain.
Other pests sometimes brought in on Christmas trees include other species of aphids or adelgids, spruce spider mites, and even praying mantid egg cases. None of these are harmful, and either replacing the tree or vacuuming the offending bugs is usually sufficient.
If one of your customers brings home an infested tree and it has not been decorated, encourage them to take the tree outdoors, shake it well, and vacuum up as many giant conifer aphids as possible.
And don’t forget that firewood can be another source of insects, especially beetles, during the winter months. A good preventive measure is to recommend to customers that they keep firewood outside until it is needed for a fire.
Luckily, none of these pests are especially common on live trees. Nor should they discourage you or your customers from bringing a fresh cut tree indoors. In my book the smell from a real Christmas tree more than makes up for the occasional arthropod hitchhiker.
The author is an entomology specialist for Texas AgriLife Extension.